past

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
Gone by in time
Nouns
1. past, past tense, pretention; the past, yesterday; days of yore or of old; times past or gone by; bygone days; olden times, the good old days, yesteryear, time immemorial; auld lang syne, eld; water over the dam or under the bridge. See priority, oldness.
2. (historical periods) antiquity, antiqueness; time immemorial; remote past; archaism, antiquarianism, medievalism, pre-Raphaelitism; Gay or Naughty Nineties, Roaring Twenties, swingin' sixties; retrospection; looking back; memory; ancestry. Informal, ancient history.
3. (study of the past) history, paleontology, paleography, paleology, archaeology, anthropology, dendrochronology, epigraphy, ethnology.
4. antiquary, antiquarian; paleologist, archaeologist, medievalist, anthropologist, ethnologist.
5. ex. Informal, has-been.
Verbs — be past, have expired, have run its course, have had its day; pass; pass or go by, go or pass away, pass off; lapse; blow over; look back, trace back; turn or put back the clock; exhume, dig up.
Adjectives — past, gone, bygone, foregone; elapsed; lapsed, expired, no more, run out, blown over, that has been, extinct, never to return, exploded, forgotten, irrecoverable; obsolete (see oldness); once, former, pristine, quondam, ci-devant, late; ancestral; foregoing; last, latter; recent, overgoing; perfect, preterite (see grammar); looking back; retrospective, retroactive; archaeological, etc. Informal, ex-.
Adverbs — formerly; of old, of yore; erst, erstwhile, whilom, erewhile, time was, ago; over; in the olden time; anciently, long ago, long since; a long time ago; yesterday; a while back; last year, season, or month; ultimo; lately, retrospectively; before now; hitherto, heretofore; no longer; at one time, once [upon a time]; from time immemorial, in the memory of man; time out of mind; already, yet, up to this time; ex post facto.
Phrases — history is a fable agreed upon; history is fiction with the truth left out; history repeats itself; what's done cannot be undone.
Quotations — History... is, indeed, little more than the register of the crimes, follies, and misfortunes of mankind (Edward Gibbon), History is a distillation of rumor (Thomas Carlyle), History is more or less bunk (Henry Ford), But where are the snows of yesteryear? (François Villon), O! call back yesterday, bid time return (Shakespeare), The dark backward and abysm of time? (Shakespeare), Where is the life that late I led? (Shakespeare), Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it (George Santayana), I tell you the past is a bucket of ashes (Carl Sandburg), The past is a foreign country: they do things differently there (L. P. Hartley), I believe in yesterday (Lennon/McCartney), In the carriages of the past you can't go anywhere (Maxim Gorky), The past lies like a nightmare upon the present (Karl Marx), We live in reference to past experience and not to future events, however inevitable (H. G. Wells).
Antonyms, see futurity, present.
II
(Roget's IV) modif.
1. [Having occurred previously]
Syn. former, preceding, gone by, foregoing, elapsed, anterior, antecedent, prior.
2. [No longer serving]
Syn. ex-, retired, earlier; see preceding .
not put it past someone,
Syn. suspect, accuse, expect; see anticipate 1 , fear 1 , guess 2 .
n.
1. [Past time]
Syn. antiquity, long ago, past times, old times, years ago, good old days, good old times, ancient times, former times, days gone by, auld lang syne, yore, days of old, days of yore, yesterday.
Ant. future*, the present, tomorrow.
2. [Past events]
Syn. knowledge, happenings, events; see history .
3. [Concealed experiences]
Syn. secret affair, love affair, amour, hidden past, bronzed past, scarlet past, scarlet letter, scarlet A.
prep.
Syn. through, farther than, behind; see beyond .
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus)
I
n.
yesterday, *yesteryear, history, olden days, antiquity, days of old, *good old days, yore, horse and buggy days, dark ages. ''The best prophet of the future.''—Lord Byron. ''The misty black and bottomless pit of time.''—Thomas Duffett. ''A funeral gone by.''—Edmund Gorse. ''What's past is prologue.''—Shakespeare.
ANT.: future, tomorrow, days to come
II
a.
gone, bygone, over, forgotten, finished, old, historical, ancient, former, passed, never to return, extinct, dead and buried.
ANT.: future, upcoming
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) I adjective 1. Just gone by or elapsed: antecedent, anterior, earlier, foregoing, former, precedent, preceding, previous, prior. See TIME. 2. Having been such previously: erstwhile, former, late, old, once, onetime, previous, quondam, sometime, whilom. See PRECEDE. II noun 1. Past events surrounding a person or thing: background, history. See HAPPEN. 2. A former period of time or of one's life: yesterday, yesteryear, yore. Idioms: bygone days, days gone by, the good old days, the old days. See TIME.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • past — /past, pahst/, adj. 1. gone by or elapsed in time: It was a bad time, but it s all past now. 2. of, having existed in, or having occurred during a time previous to the present; bygone: the past glories of the Incas. 3. gone by just before the… …   Universalium

  • past — /past / (say pahst) verb 1. Rare past participle and occasional past tense of pass. –adjective 2. gone by in time. 3. belonging to, or having existed or occurred in time previous to this. 4. gone by just before the present time; just passed: the… …   Australian English dictionary

  • past — [past, päst] vi., vt. rare pp. of PASS2 adj. 1. gone by; ended; over [our past troubles] 2. of a former time; bygone 3. immediately preceding; just gone by [the past week] 4. having served formerly …   English World dictionary

  • Past — Past, prep. 1. Beyond, in position, or degree; further than; beyond the reach or influence of. Who being past feeling. Eph. iv. 19. Galled past endurance. Macaulay. [1913 Webster] Until we be past thy borders. Num. xxi. 22. [1913 Webster] Love,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • past — ► ADJECTIVE 1) gone by in time and no longer existing. 2) (of time) that has gone by. 3) Grammar (of a tense) expressing a past action or state. ► NOUN 1) a past period or the events in it. 2) a person s or thing s history or earlier life. 3) …   English terms dictionary

  • Past — Past, Present Future Past, Present Future сборник Rob Zombie Дата выпуска …   Википедия

  • past — Ⅰ. past UK US /pɑːst/ US  /pæst/ preposition ► above a particular age or outside a stated limit: »More and more people are working until past retirement age. »We re past the point where losing a couple of employees will save us. Ⅱ. past UK US… …   Financial and business terms

  • Past — (‚Vergangenheit‘) steht für: Simple Past, eine Zeitform des Englischen (Past Tense) Past heißen: Ambar Past (* 1949), US amerikanisch mexikanische Poetin und bildende Künstlerin Siehe auch Past Perfect, Past Progressive …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Past — Past, a. [From {Pass}, v.] Of or pertaining to a former time or state; neither present nor future; gone by; elapsed; ended; spent; as, past troubles; past offences. Past ages. Milton. [1913 Webster] {Past master}. See under {Master}. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • past — I adjective ancient, antediluvian, antiquated, archaic, back, defunct, departed, elapsed, expired, forgotten, former, gone, gone by, historical, irrecoverable, lapsed, last, late, lost, no longer functioning, obsolete, old, outdated, outmoded,… …   Law dictionary

  • Past — Past, n. A former time or state; a state of things gone by. The past, at least, is secure. D. Webster. [1913 Webster] The present is only intelligible in the light of the past, often a very remote past indeed. Trench. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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